Aunque no hay suficiente investigación sobre Ébolavirus y lavado de manos, dado el conocimiento existente sobre virus encapsulados, existe consenso en que esta medida es efectiva e imprescindible, con los guantes puestos, y tras retirarlos.
Hand hygiene is essential and should be performed:
- before donning gloves and wearing PPE on entry to the isolation room/area;
- before any clean or aseptic procedures is being performed on a patient;
- after any exposure risk or actual exposure with a patient’s blood or body fluids;
- after touching (even potentially) contaminated surfaces, items, or equipment in the patient’s surroundings; and
- after removal of PPE, upon leaving the isolation area.
It is important to note that neglecting to perform hand hygiene after removing PPE will reduce or negate any benefits of the PPE. Either an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and running water can be used for hand hygiene, applying the correct technique recommended by WHO. It is important to always perform hand hygiene with soap and running water when hands are visibly soiled. Alcohol-based hand rubs should be made available at every point of care (at the entrance and within the isolation rooms and areas); running water, soap, and single use towels should also be always available.
“Ebola virus is easily killed by soap, bleach, sunlight, and high temperature or drying. Machine washing clothes that have been contaminated with fluids will destroy Ebola virus. Ebola virus survives only a short time on surfaces that are in the sun or have dried. It can survive for a longer time on clothes or materials which have been stained with blood or other bodily fluids.
There is a risk of transmission of Ebola through contact with utensils or contaminated material in healthcare settings if the correct infection control procedures are not properly carried out.”
“Strict infection control procedures and wearing protective clothing minimises this risk […]. Simply washing hands with soap and water can destroy the virus. […]
- carefully and frequently wash hands with soap and water (alcohol hand rub if soap isn’t available)
- wash disposable gloves with soap and water after use, dispose of them carefully, then wash hands. […]”
Hand hygiene in healthcare settings can be performed by washing with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rubs. If hands are visibly soiled, use soap and water, not alcohol-based hand rubs.
Wash your hands frequently. As with other infectious diseases, one of the most important preventive measures is frequent hand-washing. Use soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand rubs containing at least 60 percent alcohol when soap and water aren’t available.
- University of North Carolina. Study: soap and water work best in ridding hands of disease viruses.
- Póster: WHO- How to Handrub-How to Handwash